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The Aurora de Chile village, whose history dates back to the early years of the 20th century, is located within the city of Concepción, Bío-Bío Region, Chile. This village occupies a very old radius that houses a religious school, two factories and the Social and Sports Club "El Huracán", founded in 1938. Between the area of the factories and the field of "El Huracán" is the oldest town of the village. The area that extends from there to the current riverfront constitutes land that has been gained by the inhabitants through fillings on the Bío-Bío River. It is about 2,400 square meters that were filled by forklifts and trucks, managed by the residents themselves. Aurora de Chile is the only village in Concepción with so much heritage history, there is an own identity, a memory of the territory and, consequently, a particular way of seeing and thinking about its relationship with the city.
In this context, the Bío-Bío Cloth Factory, founded in 1919, by the German Ricardo Stöehrel R. was presented as an attractive focus for families from the countryside who emigrated to the city looking for new job opportunities. The families settled near the factory, making it an iconic element within the community.
The 2010 earthquake did not affect the population itself, but the government, taking advantage of the situation, imposed the idea of a new bridge to eradicate the population, which today is settled on land with a very high added value. In this way, the strip through which the bridge passes has been effectively eradicated. The measure has put the stability of more than 460 families at risk, the majority of which have five and six generations born and raised there. Some of these families today have been relocated to two contiguous blocks and the community continues to fight to preserve their memory and identity.
After the closure of the Bío-Bío Cloth Factory in 2010, it was sold, leaving a large part in the expropriation strip for the construction of the new bridge. In 2016 it was looted and burned, the north wing and the bridge were demolished shortly after, leaving only the ruin of the south wing standing. The ruins of the factory are today a place of accumulation of garbage awaiting some intervention to rescue its heritage and historical value. I propose a Public Library in the ruins of the Bío-Bío Cloth Factory in order to rescue one of the few buildings that remain standing corresponding to the industrial heritage of Concepción and one of the key pieces within the memory of the Aurora de Chile. The proposal seeks to give a new life to the building, contributing both to the immediate context and to the city in general, revitalizing the environment, generating public space, meetings, activities and dissemination of knowledge.
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